• Animals in Wilpattu National Park, Sri Lankan Animals, Animals of Sri Lanka

Russell's Viper

The Russels viper (Daboia russelii) is a highly venomous and one of the most dangerous old world vipers in the whole of Asia being responsible for many snake bite related human deaths. It can grow to a maximum length of 166 cm (5.5 ft) averaging around 120 cm (4 ft). This slender built viper is recognized by its flattened head that is covered by fragmented scales and the deep yellow colour with its series of dark brown spots that run the length of the body. The Russells Viper is a nocturnal animal found living in open grassy fields, scrub jungle, wooded plantations where it feeds on rodents, small mammals, birds and frogs.